French aid would continue, and Europeans could return to their

Algerian truce

On March 18, 1962, France canada goose black friday sale and the leaders of the Front de Liberation Nationale (FLN) sign a peace canada goose agreement to end the buy canada goose jacket seven Canada Goose Coats On Sale year Algerian War, signaling the end of 130 years of colonial French rule in Algeria.

In late October 1954, a faction of Canada Goose sale young Algerian Muslims established the Front de Liberation Nationale (FLN) canada goose store as a guerrilla organization dedicated to winning independence from canadian goose jacket France. They staged several bloody uprisings during the next Canada canada goose black friday Goose Outlet year, and by 1956 the FLN was threatening to overrun the colonial cities, home to Algeria sizable European settler population. In France, a new administration, led by Guy Mollet, promised to quell the Muslim rebellion and sent 500,000 French troops to Algeria Canada Goose Jackets to crush the FLN.

To isolate the rebels and their area of operations, France granted Tunisia and Morocco independence, and their borders with Algeria were militarized with barbed wire and electric fencing. canada goose clearance sale When FLN leaders attempted buy canada goose jacket cheap to travel to Tunisia in October 1956 to discuss the Algerian War, French forces diverted their plane and jailed the men. cheap Canada Goose In response, the FLN launched a new campaign of terrorism in the colonial capital of Algiers. General Jacques Massu, head of France crack parachute unit, was given extraordinary powers to act in the city, and canada goose coats through torture and assassination the FLN presence in Algiers was destroyed. By the end of 1957, the rebels had been pushed back into rural areas, and it seemed the tide had turned in the Algerian War.

However, in May 1958, a canada goose coats on sale new crisis began when European Algerians launched massive demonstrations calling for the integration of Algeria with France and for the return canada goose clearance of Charles Canada Goose Parka de Gaulle to power. In France, the Algerian War had seriously polarized public opinion, and many feared the country was on the brink of army revolt or civil war.

Days after returning to power, de Gaulle visited Algiers, and though he was warmly welcomed by the European Algerians he did not share their enthusiasm for Algerian integration. Instead, he granted Muslims the full rights of French citizenship and in 1959 declared publicly that Algerians had the right to determine their own future. During the next two years, the worst violence in Algeria was perpetrated by European Algerians canada goose deals rather than the FLN, but scattered revolts and terrorism did not prevent the opening of peace negotiations between France and the FLN led provisional government canada goose replica of the Algerian Republic in 1961.

On March 16, 1962, a peace agreement was signed at Evian Canada Goose online les Bains, France, promising independence for Algeria pending a national referendum on the issue. French aid would continue, and Europeans could return to their native countries, remain as foreigners in Algeria, or Canada Goose Online take Algerian citizenship. On July 1, 1962, Algerians overwhelmingly approved the agreement, and most of the one million Europeans in Algeria poured out of the country. More than 100,000 Muslim and 10,000 French soldiers were killed in the seven year Algerian War, along with thousands of Muslim civilians and hundreds of European colonists.

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